Activity in China’s vast manufacturing sector contracted for the second consecutive month, according to a preliminary survey on Friday.
The HSBC/Markit flash purchasing managers’ index (PMI) was at 49.8 in January, up from 49.6 in December.
But the index was still below the 50-point level that separates growth from contraction in the sector.
Firms cut prices for six months in a row to sell products, impacting profit margins, said the private survey.
Economists had expected factory activity growth to continue to stall, with a Reuter’s poll forecasting a reading of 49.6.
News of the contraction comes just days after Chinese authorities said growth in the world’s second largest economy had slowed to its weakest in 24 years.
China’s economy expanded 7.4% in 2014 from a year ago, missing its official growth target of 7.5% for the first time in 15 years.